Technology plays a key role in many fields including the healthcare industry. It is indispensable during the COVID-19 Pandemic. The current outbreak has shown a clear rise in the adoption of Telemedicine and Telehealth technology. Like Education, Enhanced Healthcare is every human’s right and both developed & developing countries are building efforts to make it
Telehealth is the use of electronic data and telecommunication technologies to support
- Remote clinical and non-clinical healthcare services
- Patient and professional health-related training
- Public health and health administration
- Medical Education
It uses video and audio communication tools to diagnose, treat and monitor a patient’s conditions. Telehealth refers to a wide range of remote healthcare services and non-clinical services whereas Tele-medicine refers to remote clinical services.
India has been struggling to provide primary medical care in rural areas. It may be due to
- Lack of Transport
- Lack of Mobility
- Lack of Infrastructure
- National Outbreaks
- Rural Healthcare facilities
Tele-health may bridge the gap between patients and clinical healthcare services.
Tele-medicine is a subdivision of Tele-health; it uses telecommunication and information technology to deliver remote clinical services and healthcare services to patients at a distant location via video conferencing, audio call,s and healthcare apps.
It also helps the patient to access better healthcare; they don’t need to travel a long distances to visit a doctor. It saves a lot of time and cost. It is widely used in chronic conditions. Some of the services offered by tele-medicine include
- Video consultation with specialists
- Digital transmission of medical imaging
- Remote medical diagnosis & treatments
- Real-Time Interaction
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines Telemedicine as, “The delivery of healthcare services, where distance is a critical factor, by all healthcare professionals using information and communication technologies for the exchange of valid information for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease and injuries, research and evaluation and for the continuing education of healthcare providers, all in the interests of advancing the health of individuals and their communities.”
What is the major difference?
Tele-health is the distribution of health-related services via Information Technologies and tele-communication services to promote long distance clinical health care. Tele-medicine is a sector of tele-health referring to remote healthcare services.
Tele-health refers to a broader scope of remote, non-clinical health care services such as administrative meetings, health education and public health management whereas tele-medicine refers to specifically remote clinical healthcare services.
In short-term, all tele-medicine is tele-health, but not all tele-health is tele-medicine.
“Tele-health is using remote audio and visual platforms for all healthcare needs “says Joseph Pazona,MD,the founder of Virtucare
“Tele-medicine is the delivery of medical care remotely using audio or video communications”, says Pazona
A broad term defines the usage of technology to support both clinical and non-clinical healthcare services
It uses tele-communication to provide clinical healthcare services to patients from a remote location.
§ healthcare services
§ telemedicine administration
§ health education & research
§ remote patient monitoring
§ using apps tocommunicate with healthcare team
§ Phone consultations
§ Doctor’s appointment through telecommunication
§ Management of chronic illness
§ Video conferencing
§ Medical management