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Know more about the causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention of Monkeypox

May 28, 2022by admin0healthuno

Know more about the causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention of Monkeypox

May 28, 2022 by admin0
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Monkeypox is a virus that belongs to the smallpox family. Two outbreaks of a pox-like virus in groups of monkeys used for a study led to the discovery of monkeypox in 1958. The monkeypox virus is no longer transmitted by monkeys, despite its name. A few thousand cases occur throughout Africa on an annual basis, mostly in the western and central sections of the continent. 

However, incidences outside of Africa were previously limited to a few instances linked to travel to Africa or the importation of infected animals. It can also pass between humans through close touch, however transmission is slower than the SARS-CoV-2 virus that produces Covid-19. According to the World Health Organization, monkeypox is widely found in Central and West Africa, which is noted for its tropical rainforests.

What causes monkeypox?

According to the CDC  (Centers for Disease Control), humans can acquire monkeypox from animals through bites, scratches, or the preparation of wild meat.

The exchange of large respiratory droplets during prolonged face-to-face contact can result in person-to-person transmission. People can potentially become infected by direct touch with bodily fluids, infection-related sores, or contaminated clothing or bedding.

Monkeypox is not considered a sexually transmitted infection. A cough or cold can be contracted through sexual contact, but that does not guarantee it is a sexually transmitted disease. Andy Seale, an advisor with World Health Organization’s HIV, Hepatitis, and STIs Program, declared that  a cough or cold can be contracted through sexual contact, but it does not indicate it is a sexually transmitted disease.

Available treatment

Monkeypox has no confirmed remedy, but doctors can treat its symptoms. Supportive care is fairly effective for the West African clade, according to scientists, although there are certain experimental medications that have not been intensively studied in people. Doctors have stated that “any possible treatments for the patient are only available after consultation with public health officials”.  

According to the CDC website “CDC will publish guidelines describing who should be vaccinated in the case of another outbreak of monkeypox in the United States,”. Although older smallpox vaccines are 85 percent effective in preventing monkeypox, the United States ceased vaccinating the general public in 1972.

Prevention of monkeypox

A variety of precautions can be taken to avoid infection with the monkeypox virus:

Avoid coming into contact with animals that may carry the virus (including animals that are sick or that have been found dead in areas where monkeypox occurs). Avoid touching any objects that have come into contact with a sick animal, such as bedding.

Separate infectious patients from those who could become infected. After coming into contact with infectious animals or humans, wash your hands thoroughly. Washing your hands with soap and water or using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer are good.

If people from your neighborhood or known person are infected, wear personal protective equipment (PPE)  and give care on them

Conclusion

The virus’s human-to-human transmission is, however, limited. Contact with bodily fluids, lesions on the skin, the respiratory tract, or the eyes, nose, or mouth, as well as virus-infected materials such as bedding and clothing, can all cause it. 

Cases have been reported near  central and west Africa  often in proximity to tropical rainforests, and have been increasingly appearing in urban areas by virus-carrying animals, according to the WHO. Squirrels, Gambian pouched rats, dormice, and various monkey species have all been shown to be infected with the monkeypox virus.


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