Covid – 19 Vaccine and kids
The Government of India has started the vaccination drive for children and adolescents. There are four COVID-19 vaccines that received approval from the Government of India for kids aged below 18. Here’s what Parents and Kids need to know about the safety and efficacy of the vaccine, the possible side effects, the benefits of getting vaccinated, and also how to prevent the disease.
Symptoms of covid-19 in kids
Children and adolescents tend to have more mild symptoms when compared to adults. Most children who are infected with the Covid-19 virus have respiratory symptoms. Especially in the youngest children, they tend to be milder, which means they don’t have as many symptoms as adults do. And even most children tend to have asymptomatic infection, which means they don’t have any symptoms at all. Some common symptoms are
- They will have a fever, a cough, a sore throat, or sneeze.
- They may lose the sense of smell or the sense of taste.
- Some children may have gastrointestinal symptoms like diarrhea or vomiting, but they tend to be milder.
- Covaxin an inactivated COVID-19 vaccine developed by Bharat Biotech in collaboration with ICMR(Indian Council of Medical Research) and the NIV(National Institute of Virology) is being administered to teenagers aged 15 to 18 years.
- Corbevax a protein subunit vaccine developed by researchers at Texas children’s Hospital Center for Vaccine Development and Baylor college of Medicine in Houston, Texas .In India it is being licensed by Biological-E and it is currently being administered to children aged 12 to14 years.
- ZyCov-D – a DNA plasmid-based, two dose Covid-19 vaccine developed by Zydus Cadila approved for 12 years and above.
- Covovax a COVID-19 vaccine is being produced by the SII (Serum Institute of India).In India Covovax’s inclusion in the immunization drive for children aged 12-17 years.
Dos and Don’ts for children: Guidelines for Covid-19
The best way to keep children safe is about prevention. Here are some precautions for your children during this pandemic
- Washing hands thoroughly with soap and water.
- Use an alcohol-based rub or a sanitizer.
- Teach them the importance of personal hygiene, Practice respiratory etiquette, where they sneeze into their elbow.
- With clean hands, make sure that the mask is put on over their ears, covers their nose and their mouth and that the children don’t touch the outside of their masks.
- Explain them about social distancing that’s the best way to prevent the spread of covid-19 by avoiding any sort of social gathering including outdoor play.
- Clean the child’s toys, floor and commonly touched objects at least once a day at home
- Don’t allow your child to come in close contact with anyone who has cold, fever or flu like symptoms.
- Don’t take children to crowded places. Keeps them indoors as much as possible.
- Give them a complete nutritious diet with plenty of water. Give citrus fruits and vegetables which are rich in Vitamin C, Vitamin D and Zinc.
- Stay in touch with the child’s teacher or school to stay informed and also create some community parent groups to support each other.
Have an open conversation with your kid and encourage them to ask questions, along with express their feelings. There’s a lot of false information out there and it’s scary. So, spend some quality time talking to them and answering their questions to relieve their fear and stress, and they get good information from you. Parents remember you have an entire toolkit of preventive measures; make that part of your daily routine and habit for your children. Stay safe, stay healthy, and stick with science.